Carpet offers more versatility,
ease of maintenance,
and health benefits ...
... than any other floor covering!
Carpet Styles 101
There are various construction methods used to acheive different carpeting styles ... here is an overview of the most common basics.
Cut Pile carpeting is most commonly found in homes and include several types. All carpet starts off being looped when it is made...a 'Cut Pile' refers to the shearing of all the tufts (loops) for a flat, even pile.
The name implies exactly what plush pile carpet entails. It has a very soft, velvety look and feel. Its rich texture can create a beautiful setting for an elegant atmosphere and is often used when a more formal situation is desired. Because of its very smooth construction and appearance, you can expect plush carpet to show the imprint of your footsteps and the trail of the vacuum cleaner. It's a natural occurrence for this type of carpet.
Saxony carpet is created by twisting two or more piles and heat setting it so the tip of each carpet tuft becomes evident on the surface and the overall appearance has more texture than a plush. Saxony carpets are a well-known favorite, mixing casual and elegance in any room.
Frieze carpets are constructed with highly twisted fibers that result in excellent durability for high traffic areas. The fibers are short and curl in various directions, which easily hides footprints and vacuum marks. It is often referred to as the "trackless" carpet.Frieze carpets are extremely popular and are among the most resilient carpets you can purchase today. This carpet is also very easy to clean. Your options in Frieze carpets range from a neat nub to a casual loose look that has become very popular today.
Many looped pile or 'berber' carpets are also very popular and tend to retain their new looking appearance overall better than a cut pile, most especially at the entry level of quality.
Although level loop carpet is used mostly in commercial settings, some residential Berbers are available for use in your home. The level loop construction has loops of the same height, sometimes with printed patterns on the smooth surface.
The multilevel loop offers more pronounced texture with height variation in the loops thus giving the carpet more interest and elegance. The varying heights typically form a pattern.
Cut and Loop
Just as the name suggests, the cut and loop pile carpet is constructed with a combination of yarns - some loops are cut while others remain uncut - to create patterns and textures. Usually, the most predominate loops are cut while the uncut loops create the pattern.
Carpet Fiber 101
The esthetics and performance of carpet is similar to the fabric in your clothing. The type of fiber used, the construction of the cloth, and the color all play a role in the styling, cost, and performance of that garment. Below is a short description of the most commonly found fiber types for carpeting. An important point to note is that no matter what the type of fiber, some are treated for things such as stain resistency, resistence to sunlight fading and longer life ... so be wary ...when comparing one 40 oz Nylon, it may well be different than one at the store down the road that otherwise looks identical. For the ultimate in protection look for branded fiber types, which usually indicates additional product innovation and state of the art technology as well as stringent performance testing . Branded fibers are treated before they ever become carpet verifying the treatment is thorough and through the entire cloth. Some names to look for are Stainmaster, R2X, Anso Caress, Invista, Antron, Ultron, BASF, Wear Dated, Zeftron to name a few.
The most frequently used carpet fiber, highly desirable due to its exceptional durability, versatility, and reasonable pricing. It can be dyed in an endless variety of colors and made into numerous styles and textures. Nylon is commonly used in residential and commercial applications when long standing quality is required due to it's ability to 'bounce back' and retain it's resiliency.
Used in residential and a few commercial applications, polyester has good color clarity for the most vibrant appearance, colorfastness, and resistance to water-soluble stains. Naturally stain and fade resistant and also inherently soft to the touch. For these reasons as well as a lower cost than nylon make it a popular choice for use in bedrooms or when dense and properly constructed, any room in the home.
Also known as Olefin, this fiber resists fading, generates low levels of static electricity, is also favorably priced, and can be engineered in outdoor applications. Due to its manufacturing process, polypropylene inherently resists stains. It is virtually stainproof and is popular for use in rentals and commercial applications. When used in specific carpet constructions (most berbers or looped carpets are Polyproylene), this yarn will perform as well as most resilient fibers.
By far the most expensive of the fibers listed here, it is a natural fiber with moderate soil and stain resistance. Durable, luxurious "hand", reduced visible soil due to fine, light-scattering characteristics. Not very common today due to it's high end price point when compared with synthetic fibers above.
Finding Your Color and Style!
Ask yourself or be ready to answer these questions:
- How much use will the room get?
- Are kids going to be playing down on the floor? Or is it a formal room or bedroom that doesn't get as much traffic?
- Is it a small room or a large room? (Smaller rooms can be made to feel larger by selecting a lighter colored carpet while larger rooms can be made to feel cozier by using a mid-to-darker colored carpet.)
- What are the lighting conditions in the room? (Rooms with plenty of natural light will show the true color of the carpet while rooms on the north side of a house may need a lighter shade of carpet to keep them from feeling darker than they are.)
Call today to view samples and for a free consultation, measure and quote.
Red Seal Certified Installers
Thompson, Okanagan & Shuswap